Course and Curriculum Design
Beyond the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process: Cultivating Patient Care Practitioners by Utilizing the Pharmaceutical Care Framework
Drs. Claire Kolar, Keri Hager, and Victoria Losinski identify several next steps to promoting the teaching and utilization of the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process (PCPP). The team identifies the need to not only teach the PCPP, but to teach it as part of a foundation that also includes the philosophy of practice and practice management systems. Without this foundation, students may graduate knowing how to provide the care, without the ability to integrate into systems necessary to make the practice sustainable. While the introduction of the PCPP model has been helpful in creating some standardization in how the patient care process is taught, there still is significant variability of how the PCPP is addressed in the curriculum and in practice, which limits adoption of universal practice standards. The paper ends by encouraging faculty and schools to connect and communicate for rapid sharing of ideas about the PCPP in the curriculum. Read more about how the PPCP is threaded through the UMN-COP curriculum and the calls to action here.
This paper is part of an ongoing effort to develop and strengthen methods for teaching the PPCP. Drs Hager and Kolar previously discussed three specific instructional strategies in a 2016 paper. In addition, Dr. Kolar’s dissertation helped further our understanding of the challenges in teaching the PPCP by illuminating patient care threshold concepts.
Current and Future Opportunities and Challenges in Continuing Pharmacy Education
Through the new accreditation standards, colleges and schools of pharmacy are being encouraged to graduate self-directed lifelong learners. In 2015, Dr. Janke had the opportunity to work with ACPE in the delivery of a profession-wide invitational conference on Continuing Professional Development. This article describes the conference structure and outcomes. Of note, the conference participants, representing all the major pharmacy organizations, recommended that there be collaboration between “AACP, colleges and schools of pharmacy and ASHP to educate students and residents in lifelong learning skills/CPD.” It was clear from conference discussions that colleges and schools are being looked at for leadership in preparing CPD-ready practitioners. Oftentimes, this work happens in a school’s professional development sequence as part of teaching related to “Domain 4” in the 2013 CAPE Outcomes. The UMN- COP has many years of experience with CPD from the 4th year portfolio course. A subcommittee of EPC is currently considering how to support CPD in the enhanced co-curricular program.
Facilitating Community Engagement in Academic Pharmacy Careers
In an Innovations in Pharmacy commentary, Dr. Laura Palombi shares her experience of how community engagement shapes her research, teaching, and practice. She calls for faculty, as well as schools and colleges of pharmacy, to step outside comfort zones and invest in community engagement. This sentiment was shared by the 2004-05 AACP Argus Commission Report, which called for greater civic responsibility for institutions of higher education. Dr. Palombi shares how it is important for students to participate in community engagement as students and to see faculty role models engaged in community work. In addition, the commentary encourages faculty members who are interested in community engagement work to reach out to offices for community engagement at their own universities.
Editors’ Perspectives on Enhancing Manuscript Quality and Editorial Decisions through peer review and reviewer development
One of the last stages in the ongoing cycle of scholarly teaching and the scholarship of teaching and learning is the peer reviewed dissemination of results and knowledge. In an original research article published in the American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, Dr. Kristin Janke along with colleagues Drs. Andrew Bzowyckyj and Andrew Traynor used a modified Delphi process with 19 editors of pharmacy journals as the expert-panelists. The expert panelists identified several characteristics of peer reviewers and peer reviews that enhance manuscript quality and assist editorial decisions. Further the panelists came to consensus on elements of peer reviewer training programs that have value and are also a priority. As peer review week comes to a close, learn more about how to improve your peer reviews and how to help others with their peer reviews here.